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Which of the following Is Not a Legal or Ethical Duty of Physicians

The physician`s professional role is to make recommendations based on the best available medical evidence and ethical standards, and to seek options that meet the patient`s unique health needs, values, and preferences (90). In the care of the growing patient, family support is important. However, this support must be balanced by confidentiality and respect for the adolescent`s autonomy in health care decisions and in relationships with physicians (25). Physicians should be aware of confidentiality issues (26), state laws on adolescent patients` right to confidentiality, and the adolescent`s legal right to consent to treatment. The physician`s responsibility is to serve the patient`s well-being. In rare cases, the physician may terminate the professional relationship, provided adequate care is available elsewhere and the patient`s health is not threatened in the process (19, 20). The physician must notify the patient in writing, offer to transfer the medical record to another physician with the patient`s consent, and comply with applicable laws. Continuity of supply must be ensured. A medically initiated abortion is a serious event, especially if the patient is seriously ill, and should only be undertaken after genuine attempts to understand and resolve disputes.

Abandonment is unethical and grounds for prosecution under the law. A patient is free to change doctors at any time and is entitled to the information contained in the medical records. Much of medicine`s contract with society is based on integrity and the proper use of scientific knowledge and technology. Physicians have a duty to comply with scientific standards, promote research, create new knowledge and ensure its appropriate use. The profession is responsible for the integrity of this knowledge, which is based on scientific knowledge and medical experience. Physicians with potential financial conflicts of interest, whether as researchers, speakers, consultants, investors, partners, employers or others, must not compromise their objective clinical judgment or the well-being of patients or research participants (102). Physicians must disclose their financial interests to patients or research entities, including their interests in medical facilities or office-based research to which they refer or recruit patients. When speaking, teaching, and writing, physicians must disclose their interests in writing. Publishers of medical journals should be free from conflicts of interest. The Society has granted physicians professional privileges in the hope that physicians will use their position to benefit patients.

In return, physicians are responsible and accountable to society for their professional activities. The Society grants physicians the rights, privileges and duties relevant to the patient`s medical relationship and therefore has the right to require physicians to be competent, knowledgeable and respectful of the patient as a person. [20] A breach of a rule should not, in and of itself, give rise to a cause of action against a lawyer, nor in such a case give rise to a presumption of breach of a legal duty. In addition, the violation of a rule does not necessarily justify another non-disciplinary remedy, such as the challenge of a lawyer in an ongoing dispute. These rules are intended to provide guidance to lawyers and to provide a structure for regulating the conduct of disciplinary authorities. They are not intended as a basis for civil liability. Moreover, the purpose of the rules may be undermined if they are invoked by opposing parties as procedural weapons. The fact that a rule provides a fair basis for a lawyer`s self-assessment or for sanctioning a lawyer under the administration of a disciplinary authority does not mean that an antagonist in a ancillary proceeding or settlement has the power to request enforcement of the rule. However, because the rules set standards of conduct for lawyers, a lawyer`s violation of a rule may constitute evidence of a breach of the applicable standard of conduct.

The law of tort may be derived from the word tortus and tort may be defined as any misconduct by a person for which a civil action may be brought. These are usually injuries to humans, usually resulting from an accident. 30. The physician must demonstrate respect and cooperation with other physicians, health care professionals, and other staff without bias, harassment, or discriminatory behaviour. Physicians must also ensure that ethical principles are respected when working as a team. At the other end of the scale of hard paternalism is consumerism, a rare and extreme form of patient autonomy that holds that the physician`s role is limited to providing all available medical information and options for interventions and treatments, while the fully informed patient chooses from the available options. In this model, the role of the physician is limited and does not allow the full use of his knowledge and skills for the benefit of the patient, which amounts to a form of task of the patient and therefore ethically indefensible. Conscientious objection in medicine refers to a physician`s refusal to perform a particular medical procedure on moral or religious grounds.5 The potential tension between the physician`s right to practice conscientious objection and the patient`s desire to have access to legally authorized procedures (including, but not limited to, abortion or physician-assisted suicide) has sparked much debate about a physician`s duties.

A physician exercising such a right.